Changan , a joint venture between Chinese electric carmaker Nio and Chongqing Changan Automobile, has changed to a new name that no longer carries the word "Nio," marking the end of the legacy carmaker's efforts to explore joint ventures with new carmakers.

Changan Nio has officially changed its name to Avatr Technologies Ltd (阿维塔科技有限公司) and will be independently operated, Changan said in an announcement on Thursday.

Avatr will join hands with Changan, , and to create the world's leading intelligent connected electric vehicle platform, build a rich line of intelligent vehicle products, and build a smart life and smart energy ecology.

Notably, reported on Wednesday that Changan, Huawei, and CATL will join forces to create a high-end new energy brand that will include a smart electric connected car platform, a range of smart car products and a smart life and smart energy ecology, to be launched as soon as this month.

Changan did not specify in Thursday's announcement, but the information above suggests that Avatr could be the new premium brand it is building with Huawei and CATL.

Changan Nio and GAC Nio are joint ventures that Nio set up three years ago with GAC and Changan respectively, which was considered at the time to have set a precedent for joint ventures between emerging and traditional car companies in China.

(File photo shows Changan and Nio sign deal to form Changan Nio.)

But with Nio in deep financial trouble in late 2019 and early 2020, the two joint ventures are progressing slowly.

Changan Nio has been in the pipeline for three years and has not launched a product to date.

In addition to the slow progress of products, a more critical signal is that Nio's stake in Changan Nio has been sharply reduced from 50% to 4.62% at the end of last year, while Changan's shareholding has increased to 95.38%. This is interpreted as Nio's plan to exit Changan Nio.

With the uncertainty of Changan Nio's future, Changan announced late last year that it would build a high-end new energy brand with Huawei and CATL.

GAC Nio was established on April 10, 2018, with GAC Group and GAC New Energy each holding 22.5%, Nio and Nio Fund each holding 22.5%, and the remaining 10% of shares held by the founding team.

In 2019, GAC Nio launched its first product, the HYCAN 007, which was launched with the expectation of "15,000 units by 2020". However, when it began deliveries, GAC Nio lowered its forecast to 5,000 to 10,000 units.

On January 25 this year, GAC Nio CEO Liao Bing announced his resignation as CEO.

At the end of March, reported that GAC Nio will soon change its name and the new name will probably not include the word "Nio".

GAC Nio is applying to regulators for the change, which is expected to be completed in April, the report said.

Although GAC Nio has not yet officially changed its name, the company is using the brand name "Hycan" for external communications and the word "Nio" will likely no longer appear in the company's new name.