The cumulative number of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in China has exceeded 7,000, Chinese official media the People's Daily said on April 21.
By the end of 2020, there were about 544 hydrogen refueling stations worldwide, and 128 stations have been built in China, according to data released by the China Hydrogen Alliance (CHA) at the Hydrogen Industry Development Forum on Wednesday.
Of the sources of hydrogen output in China in 2019, coal accounts for 63.54%, natural gas for 13.76%, industrial by-products for 21.18%, and electrolytic water for only about 1.52%.
Hydrogen production capacity is mainly concentrated in Northwest, North, and East China. In the future, in the context of climate change, hydrogen production from renewable energy is the main direction, according to many experts.
According to Xu Guanhua, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the hydrogen energy industry should share resources, complement each other's advantages, share benefits and cooperate with each other, so as to prevent the phenomenon of going up in one go.
From a technical point of view, hydrogen energy is the cleanest clean energy in the world, with the characteristic of high calorific value of combustion. Its burning calorific value of 142KJ/g is about 3 times that of oil and 4.5 times that of coal.
From the perspective of industrialization, China is the world's largest producer of hydrogen, and the conditions for industrialization are already in place for production and application.
At the policy level, the hydrogen energy industry has been included in China's 14th Five-Year Plan. Some traditional energy giants have also entered the hydrogen energy industry.
The CHA's previous estimation shows that by 2050, the proportion of hydrogen energy in China's energy system is expected to be about 10%, the demand for hydrogen is close to 60 million tons, and the annual economic output value is over RMB 10 trillion.